How Insulin Works
Let me briefly describe the most important role of insulin in the human body. It is produced by the pancreas and acts as a signal inside your body. This signal tells the cells that there are nutrients available in the bloodstream (sugars, minerals and vitamins) and it’s time to feed, it’s time to absorb the nutrients they need from the blood. Other important effects of it are that it prevents fat burning and promotes fat storage.
This mechanism works well and the insulin levels remain normal until we start to eat too many carbohydrates. Too much carbohydrate and sugar intake will increase your blood sugar. This is very dangerous and your body will do everything to lower the blood sugar levels. The simplest way of this is to increase the amount of insulin, so the cells absorb the sugars and the blood sugar levels return to normal. However, if this system is overwhelmed and we keep eating carbohydrates, the cells will look like overpacked suitcases: they won’t have any more room left. However, high sugar levels are still dangerous, so the pancreas will start to bombard the cells with stronger and stronger insulin signals, as a last desperate attempt to reduce blood sugar.
Consequences of High Insulin Levels
How Do We Know If There Is a Problem?
Insulin resistance is insidious: we eat the food, it will be in the blood, but the cells become insensitive and can no longer absorb the nutrients they need. There is plenty of nutrients in the blood, yet the cells are starving inside. The patient usually becomes overweight and seemingly there is no solution.
However, you may know from the following symptoms if you have a problem:
- You have blood sugar fluctuations,
- you’re getting tired too quickly.
- If you miss a meal, you get exhausted,
- you have low mental energy and you can not think.
- After meals, you are physically full, but you do not feel satiated or satisfied.
- You cannot miss your breakfast, otherwise you won’t be able to work.
- You must always eat some sweets after meals to have satiety.
What Can I Do?
Do you have any of the symptoms of insulin resistance? Please, leave your comments below!
1. Insulin resistance: a global epidemic in need of effective therapies
2. Leptin Mediates a Glucose-Fatty Acid Cycle to Maintain Glucose Homeostasis in Starvation
3. Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes
4. A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes
5. Effects of intermittent fasting on health markers in those with type 2 diabetes: A pilot study